An arboreal transformation that must be considered the result of the work of generations, implemented with patience and techniques handed down from father to son, forced to cultivate lava in order to survive.
Deprived of fertile lands – most of which were owned by the Ducea and a few others – the Brontese farmer in almost two centuries of laborious work, managed with this technique to transform many lava flows into areas cultivated with pistachios, producing high quality fruits, immediately appreciated in European markets. The plant found the ideal climate, the predominant one of the Etna area, altitude of about 400-700 meters above sea level, average spring temperatures of about 12° and, for the ripening, about 27° in July-August, with some stormy rains which favored the full development of the fruit.
Unfortunately, the typology of lava soil has always prevented the introduction of any kind of mechanization and therefore it did not allow the reduction of high production costs.
Still today, the only machines used in some farms are brush cutters, tiller, and some low-powered motor pumps.
For the rest, the work of the farmer always prevails, the work of the hoe, rakes, scythe, and pump for shoulder spraying.